|Civil Defense and the Cold War|
|Transportation of Hazardous Materials|
|Bomb Threats and Civilian Safety|
The City of Thunder Bay's "Peacetime Emergency Plan" was established in May of 1979. This 300-page document lists detailed instructions of how to respond to different types of emergencies, with specific tasks laid out for each City department. Everything is covered, from nuclear explosions to floods, and every department is expected to be fully involved in the processes of response and recovery.
With the threat of the Cold War looming over North America, the ability of citizens to survive a nuclear war was a major concern. Along with the fear, though, came activity and safety preparations, as air raid sirens were constructed and organizations provided information about bomb shelters and survival kits. As the City grew and developed, the need to prevent as well as respond to disasters became more pressing. Issues such as bomb threats and the transportation of dangerous materials were seen as significant potential hazards that needed to be addressed. Simulated disasters were practiced in order to improve efficiency and pinpoint what might go wrong in a disaster recovery. The Emergency Measures Organization also responded to actual disaster situations throughout the years, including chemical spills and a passenger train derailment.
Thunder Bay Area Emergency Measures Organization eventually became part of the province-wide Emergency Management Ontario. The core principles and values that it stood for then remain the same today: that preparedness, response, and recovery are vital for the safety of any community.
This exhibit was produced using information and graphic material available to the public from the City of Thunder Bay Archives, with support from the City of Thunder Bay Co-Op Student Placement Program.
Archival series referred to in the exhibit include:
For more information on this subject, or any other subject of interest, please visit or contact the City of Thunder Bay Archives.