Anti-Racism Resources - What are my rights

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What Are My Rights?

anti racism resources treeThe Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Ontario Human Rights Act all prohibit discrimination based on race. You are protected from acts of hate and hate propaganda under the Criminal Code of Canada.


CANADIAN CHARTER OF RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS

The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms guarantees the rights of individuals. It is the highest law of the land, and protects and sets limits on these rights.

Equality Rights- 15.1-2

15.(1) Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the right to the equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination and, in particular, without discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age or mental or physical disability.

(2) Subsection (1) does not preclude any law, program or activity that has as its object the amelioration of conditions of d is advantaged individuals or groups including those that are disadvantaged because of race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age or mental or physical disability.

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Ontario HUMAN RIGHTS CODE

Ontario’s Human Rights Code was enacted in 1962 and was the first in Canada. The Code prohibits actions that discriminate against people based on race and several other grounds. The protected areas of the Code are accommodation, contracts, employment, goods, services & facilities and membership in unions, trade or professional associations.

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CRIMINAL CODE OF CANADA

Canada's Criminal Code was first passed in July of 1892. It describes all criminal offences and procedures for dealing with them in Canada. Hate propaganda is included in the Code.

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UNITED NATIONS DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES

The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples describes the individual and collective rights of Indigenous peoples around the world. It offers guidance on cooperative relationships between Indigenous peoples and states, the United Nations, and other international organizations. The guidance is based on the principles of equality, partnership, good faith, and mutual respect. It talks about the rights of Indigenous peoples on issues such as culture, identity, religion, language, health, education and community.

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CANADIAN HUMAN RIGHTS ACT

The Canadian Human Rights Act was passed by Parliament in 1977. This Act serves to guarantee everyone is treated equally and to combat discrimination.

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